Narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) is a condition in which a person craves admiration and attention and amplifies their own importance.  They often experience troubled relationships, due in part, to their lack of empathy.  Even though one might assume the narcissist is confident, they are actually hindered by a fragile ego and low self-esteem, which makes them sensitive to criticism, even if constructive.

Get Help With Thishttps://booking.setmore.com/scheduleappointment/a8f107ea-a719-4c6f-a9e5-6b196682c27d/services/s93a224fc7559d85c748ebac20ae8f5fe8657dbbe?source=settingsWhat Is Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

NPD is a personality disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual V, a manual which outlines the many disorders that have been coined by psychiatrists.  It is important to realise however that not all narcissists have NPD, because we can all have narcissistic traits or tendencies to a greater or lesser extent, and in fact, narcissism, to some degree is necessary for survival.

 

There are two types of narcissism, grandiose and vulnerable, but there is symptomatic overlap between them.  A person with either form of NPD will experience problems in many life areas, like relationships, school or work life, or with money.  People with NPD can appear very charismatic and charming at first, and will want to be around people who stroke their ego, so they can reinforce their grandiose self-image.

 

This is because they actually have repressed insecurities, which have resulted in low self-esteem, so require validation from others in the form of interest, and appreciation.  Their sense of entitlement means they feel disappointed and unhappy when they do not receive the attention and admiration they believe they deserve.  Furthermore, because they are self-absorbed and do not consider others’ need, they can come across as arrogant and lacking empathy.

 

And due to their unreasonable and unrealistic needs and expectations, the other person will often struggle to be around them; and it can be challenging to be in a relationship with them as a narcissistic person will often try to manipulate and control, and disregard the other’s boundaries.  These difficulties also mean that the narcissist feels unfulfilled in their relationships because they are often superficial.

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